- Developed by F. Moyra Allen (1921 – 1996)
- Salient features of the McGill model of nursing are health, family, collaboration, and learning.
- The main focus of the McGill model is health promotion.
- Major focus of nursing care is in the family.
- Visit McGill University page on McGill Model of Nursing - http://www.mcgill.ca/nursing/about/model/
About the Theorist
- Educated at Montreal General Hospital School of Nursing.
- Bachelor of Nursing from McGill University
- Master's degree from the University of Chicago
- Ph.D. in education from the Stanford University School of Education
- Professor & director at the McGill University School of Nursing.
- Founded the Nursing Papers (1969) now called the Canadian Journal of Nursing Research.
- All families possess capabilities or the health potential (strengths, motivation, resources) that serve as the basis for health promotion behaviour.
- The degree to which a family engages in health-related problem-solving and goal attainment, reflects the process of family health promotion.
- The outcomes of health promotion are competence in health behaviour and improved health status.
Major Concepts (Gottlieb & Rowat, 1987)
- The central goal of nursing is to maintain, strengthen, and develop the patient's health by actively engaging him or her in a learning process.
- Health is a learned phenomenon and the family is considered the primary socializer in this learning, the family is the focus of nursing.
- The nurse strives to structure a learning environment that enables the patient to participate as fully as possible.
- The nurse and patient together set goals and, building on the patient's strengths and resources, devise means of achieving them.
- Gottlieb L, Rowat K.The McGill model of nursing: a practice-derived model. ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 1987 Jul;9(4):51-61.